【閱讀花傻傻】 TOEIC天書其實有跡可循 - 直接問句 vs 間接問句

直接問句?間接問句?


基本概念:

Wh-問句時,把主詞與be動詞或助動詞對調。

Yes/No問句時,把主詞與be動詞或助動詞對調,並加上if / whether。



使用時機:

間接問句比直接問句還要委婉一點,較為禮貌,在口語上非常常見。

或希望別人能主動告知資訊時,亦可使用間接問句。



例句:

開頭

Can you tell me …

I don’t know …

I wonder …

I’d like to know …

+

直接問句

Who is he?

What does he want?

Is he Jack?

Can he swim?

=

間接問句

Can you tell me who he is? 1

I don’t know what he wants. 2

I wonder if 3 he is Jack.

I’d like to know whether 3 he can swim.

備註

1. 若開頭為Can you tell me …,結尾也要加問號。

2. 若句子中的助動詞為do/does/did,要與動詞合併。若動詞為want,則分別要改成want/wants/wanted

3. if與whether可以通用。


TOEIC 題目:

I wonder if the debate on whether same-sex marriage _________________ has ended.

(A) should be legalized

(B) should legalize

(C) legalizes

(D) legalized



單字補充:

legalize (v.) 合法化

debate (n.) 辯論



#文末有解答






















































翻譯:

我不曉得「同婚是否該合法化」的辯論是否已經結束了。



解題:

本題的開頭為I wonder,子句為The debated has ended.

中間的…on whether same-sex marriage ___...代表辯論的主題。


若還原成直接問句:

(A) Should same-sex marriage be legalized?

(B) Should same-sex marriage legalize?

(C) Does same-sex marriage legalize?

(D) Did same-sex marriage legalize?


最合理應為A